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During his Last Full Day in Office, Governor Christie Signs a Bill that Allows Politicians to Pad their Pensions

Posted in Public Employment Pension Crisis

As reported in the New Jersey Observer, during his last full day in office, Governor Chris Christie signed a bill on Monday to pad pensions for certain politicians. The fast-tracked bill, which sped through the legislature in less than a month, allows certain elected officials to re-enroll in the public worker pension system, even if they were kicked out due to switching from one elected office to another.  Christie did not include a signing statement for the pension padding legislation like he did for many other bills that he signed on that day.

Effectively, the new law (S3620/A5322) creates a special exemption that allows certain politicians to cash in on a bigger public pension at a time when public workers who are not politically connected have seen cutbacks to their benefits and a freeze in yearly cost-of-living adjustments for retirees since 2011.

At issue was a 2007 law that put new elected officials in a retirement plan, similar to a 401(k), called the “Defined Contribution Retirement Program.” That plan offers less generous benefits than the Public Employees’ Retirement System (PERS), one of the state’s largest and least financially sound pension funds.  Elected officials already enrolled in PERS before July 1, 2007, however, were allowed to keep building up their heftier PERS pensions as long as they remained in the same elected office, with an exception for lawmakers who jumped between the Assembly and Senate.

Now, politicians who served in elected office on July 1, 2007—but later jumped to another elected office—can re-enroll in the PERS fund, so long as they have served at least 15 years with no break in time between holding different offices. Those elected officials can also make their pension enrollment retroactive to the date of taking any previous elected office.

Such action on the part of the Governor and the legislature appears to be nothing more than a kick in the teeth to New Jersey’s Public Employees that have been paying into the pension system continually only to see the health of the system decay due to State sponsored pension holidays and the Governor’s refusal to fund the pension system as promised.  The ball is now in Governor Elect Murphy’s court to handle the State’s public pensions.  Certainly, all of New Jersey is looking towards him for a better performance than his predecessor.




Crivelli & Barbati Achieve Favorable Verdict for Five State Corrections Officers Sued for Civil Rights Violations

Posted in Public Employee Discipline

Following a two week trial presided by the Honorable Anne E. Thompson, USDJ, in the United States District Court, District of New Jersey, a jury of ten men and women unanimously returned a verdict of “No Cause of Liability” against three State Corrections Officers, a State Corrections Sergeant and a State Corrections Lieutenant.  In the suit the officers were accused of violating a prisoner’s Constitutional Rights through the use of excessive force under 42 USC 1983.  The alleged use of excessive force revolved around an incident that occurred in 2010 in the Management Control Unit at New Jersey State Prison located in Trenton, New Jersey.  The prisoner, represented by the law firm of Barry, Corrado & Grassi, was suing the officers for compensatory damages, punitive damages and attorney’s fees and costs for physical injuries sustained along with the violation of his civil rights.  The law suit was ongoing for four years before the verdict was returned by the jury.  Frank M. Crivelli, Esq. served as Trial Counsel in the case for Crivelli & Barbati, L.L.C.

New Jersey Does Not Need the Republicans Legislating the 2% Salary Cap Out of Fear of November’s Impending Gubernatorial Election Results

Posted in Uncategorized

Over the past several days, the minority leaders of the New Jersey State Legislature have become increasingly vocal in their demands to renew what is commonly called the Interest Arbitration Salary Cap.  The Interest Arbitration Salary Cap limits Interest Arbitrator’s economic awards that govern pay raises for first responders in the State of New Jersey.

To place this matter in proper context, it is important to provide our readers with a little background.  In New Jersey, first responders, to include Police Officers, Corrections Officers and Firefighters, are permitted to collectively negotiate for the salary they receive and other economic and non-economic terms and conditions of employment.  However, with this being said, if an agreement can not be reached, employer lockouts and employee strikes can not be utilized as a leveraging “tool” by either management or labor.  Thus, if an impasse is reached at the negotiations table, either labor or management may submit the impasse or dispute to an interest arbitrator who will examine evidence and then issue an award that will become the terms and conditions of the collective negotiations agreement between the parties.

Up until 2011, the process worked.  The bargaining table was level as both labor and management knew that an arbitrator could craft an economic award that was either less valuable or more valuable than what was being offered.  However, Governor Christie, through the assistance of the legislature, passed the Interest Arbitration Salary Cap that placed a two percent (2%) limit on the total amount of monies that could be awarded as a salary increase to an entire bargaining unit annually for the duration of the contract.

The Two percent (2%) salary cap has undoubtedly caused what was a previously level bargaining table to one that is now titled very much in favor of management.  Now, management knows that the worst that can be awarded at interest arbitration is two percent.  Thus, this knowledge permits their bargaining team to negotiate with a preconceived ceiling that will often have deleterious results on a union when they come to the table.

It can not be countenanced that as a result of the two percent (2%) salary cap, and the mandatorily legislated employee health care contributions, first resp0nders in our State now take home less money in their pay checks than they did ten (10) to fifteen (15) years ago.  Amongst other things, this has undoubtedly affected the morale of these men and women, and despite what one may say, a high level of morale amongst sworn law enforcement officers and firefighters is important for their health and safety and the safety of the public.  Additionally, as a result of these pay cuts, the left wing’s verbal attacks on our first responders and the cowardly criminal acts that have recently been perpetrated upon them; we have seen interest in these vital positions of employment decline dramatically.  Logic follows that when the pool of applicants gets smaller, there are not as many highly qualified candidates to hire–not a good situation for anyone.  This is not my opinion, but the facts that I have observed in working with these men and women and their collective negotiations units on a daily basis.

The Republican Legislators that are now demanding that the Interest Arbitration Salary Cap be renewed are doing so because they know the “party is over”.  Lieutenant Governor Guadagno is woefully behind Phil Murphy in the polls, and thus the anti-union sentiment that we have felt for the last eight (8) years is about to end barring some type of political Armageddon.  Has Phil Murphy promised to eliminate the salary cap?  The answer is an unequivocal NO.  However, he has stated that he will review the cap as well as the 2017 Interest Arbitration Task Force Report that is due to be published on December 31, 2017, before drawing conclusions and making recommendations about the viability of the cap and whether or not it needs to be renewed or perhaps modified.  However, what we don’t need today are legislators that are legislating and making demands out of fear because they now recognize that Governor Christie’s reign of maltreating public employees is coming to an end.

New Jersey State Employees to Receive Back Pay For Time Away From Work Due To Government Shutdown

Posted in Public Employment Labor Law

As reported by NJ 101.5, Governor Chris Christie has signed the bill granting back pay to state workers to cover the wages lost during the three-day partial government shutdown at the start of July.

An estimated 30,000 to 35,000 workers were furloughed. Most of them were off the job for one day, as the first two days of the shutdown fell on a weekend — though some would have been on the job on Saturday and Sunday, such as parks workers.

Christie didn’t indicate when workers will receive the back pay. He said the law takes effect immediately, enabling the State Department of the Treasury to begin acting on the reimbursements as quickly as possible.

However, in reviewing the bill, S3422, it is unclear if essential employees, such as New Jersey State Corrections Officers and Corrections Supervisors who were on scheduled vacations and had the vacation days converted to “unpaid leaves of absences” will have their pay restored.  We will continue to review this issue and look to the NJDOC, JJC and NJ State Parole Board to see how they handle the same.





3rd Circuit Rules that Citizens Have The Right to Film Law Enforcement Officers

Posted in Uncategorized

As reported in the New Jersey Law Journal, in the case entitled Fields v. City of Philadelphia, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit recently joined five other circuits in ruling that the First Amendment protects individuals’ rights to film police officers performing their official duties. The Third Circuit decision involved two civil rights suits by observers to police activity. The first involved an observer who was physically restrained from filming the arrest of an anti-fracking protestor. The second involved a university student who was arrested for trying to film police officers breaking up a house party. Each civil rights suit claimed the officers wrongfully interfered with the attempts to film.

The court unanimously agreed that each plaintiff possessed a First Amendment right to record the police and, that that right was violated in each instance.  The court was careful to say, however, that the First Amendment right to record government activity in public was subject to reasonable time, place and manner restrictions. It pointed out that one plaintiff videographer had been recording from across the street, and the other, “without getting in the officers’ way,” and it cautioned that recording that interferes with police activity, such as recording dealings with confidential informants, might not be protected.

All law enforcement officers must be cognizant of the unbroken string of circuit decisions, now including New Jersey, that recognize the First Amendment right to record official police activity. In addition to the advent of body cameras and dashboard cameras, citizens have the right (while not absolute) to film officers and “record” their actions while acting in the line of duty.


Police Dash Cam Footage and Use-of-Force Reports Must be Turned Over Under the New Jersey Open Public Records Act

Posted in Public Employment Labor Law

This past week the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that dashboard recordings and use-of-force reports generated in connection with the fatal police shooting of a man who led officers on a high speed chase through several North Jersey towns are public records and thus subject to disclosure under the New Jersey Open Public Records Act.  The ruling by the Court was uninaimous in the case that was initiated by a North Jersey Media Outlet.

However notwithstanding the foregoing, the Court also ruled that reports involving an ongoing investigation and witness statements concerning the same were exempt from OPRA production and should thus remain confidential.  The decision means that the Township of Lyndhurst will be forced to turn over the use-of-force reports which will disclose the identity of the two officers that were involved in the shooting.

Justice Rabner writing the opinion for the Court stated “We conclude that the danger to an ongoing investigation would typically weigh against the disclosure of detailed witness statements and investigative reports while the investigation is underway.  Footage captured by dashboard cameras, however, presents less of a problem.”

The New Jersey Attorney General’s Office argued against the disclosure of the information while many public interest groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union argued for the cause.

The mandatory disclosure of documents and recordings such as those in this case is now the current state of the law.  One would believe, taking this holding to its logical conclusion, that in addition to dash cam footage, body camera footage and other reports will be accessible once an investigation is closed.  This is an important decision that all public safety officers must be aware of moving forward.,


New Jersey State Senate Approves Bill by 31-0 Margin to Pay State Workers Frozen Out of Their Jobs During Governmental Shutdown

Posted in Uncategorized

As reported in the NJ Observer, public employees frozen out of their jobs during the three-day government shutdown would receive back pay under a bill that passed the state Senate in a 31-0 vote Thursday.

Gov. Chris Christie has said he would sign the back-pay legislation, should it pass the Assembly. The bill was introduced in that house later on Thursday and will see a vote before the end of July, Assembly Speaker Vincent Prieto said at a rally with workers.

After initially saying state workers shouldn’t count on back pay, Christie pledged to sign the bill Wednesday if it’s sent to his desk. Senate President Steve Sweeney said Thursday that Christie agreed to pay furloughed workers after a conversation they had.

Nearly 35,000 state workers were furloughed when a budget dispute shut down state government this month, closing courts, state parks and beaches and government offices. The shutdown lasted from Saturday, July 1, through the early hours of Tuesday, July 4. Most workers were affected for only one day, a Monday.

The Senate bill (S-3422) added language to the fiscal 2018 budget to guarantee workers “promptly receive their full salary or wage payment” for the duration of the shutdown, according to a draft of the legislation. The bill required an emergency vote Thursday since it was walked onto the floor without a committee hearing. Still, it got wide bipartisan support and no opposition.

New Jersey State Senate to Vote on Supplemental Appropriations Bill to Pay Public Employees That Were Involuntarily Furloughed

Posted in Uncategorized

On Thursday, July 13, 2017, The New Jersey State Senate will vote on a supplemental appropriations bill to pay workers who were unable to work during the State governmental shutdown that was imposed over the last July 4th weekend.  This bill would amend the 2018 budget appropriations bill to ensure that those workers that were involuntarily furloughed be paid for the time that they were disallowed from working through no fault of their own.

Many State Public Safety Officers were forced off from work, some being deemed essential employees while others were not.  In addition, many public safety officers that had scheduled paid time off during the involuntary furlough such as vacation or personal days inexplicably had this time “returned” to their banks and were docked pay instead.  The reasoning behind these actions are bewildering to say the least.  We will update our readers tomorrow in regard to the supplemental appropriations bill as we recognize this is an important issue to State Public Safety Officers.

State Correction Officers Win Fight Over Sick Leave Pay as Christie Signs New Bill into Law

Posted in Public Employment Labor Law, Sick Leave Injury Benefits

As reported by, following the publicity of numerous corrections officers beaten at work, Gov. Chris Christie has agreed to provide sick leave pay to prison workers assaulted by inmates.

Christie signed a bill into law on Monday that will make corrections, juvenile, parole and probation officers whole — albeit on a limited basis — if they were attacked by an inmate while on the job and suffered serious injuries.

Before the governor took action, corrections officers hurt during an inmate attack or riot had to wait until workers’ compensation kicked in to receive any pay as they are not entitled to salary while they are out of work. It could sometimes take several months before an injured officer received any compensation.

“These officers assume a significant deal of risk every day on the job, yet they have been excluded from provisions that make compensation available to other public safety officers,” Assemblyman Dan Benson (D-Mercer/Middlesex), a co-sponsor of the bill, said in a statement. “This new law is about taking action to eliminate that inconsistency so that people who put their lives on the line aren’t left helpless in the event of an attack.”

The corrections officers union has been on a crusade the past two years to highlight the need for sick pay protections for officers by releasing photos of injured employees and documenting attacks.

“Our juvenile justice officers risk limb and life every day while maintaining the peace in dangerous correctional facilities,” PBA Local 105 President Brian Renshaw said last month after highlighting another vicious attack at the Juvenile Medium Security Facility in Fieldsboro.

Christie conditionally vetoed the sick leave bill in May to place a time limit on how long an employee can received benefits.

Christie amended the bill to limit the supplemental compensation for up to six months for “serious” injuries. The initial pay before the workers’ compensation kicks in will also be limited to six months.

The new legislation will continue to pay officers injured at work as a result of an inmate attack until workers’ compensation is received. Then, the employees will be paid the difference of what workers’ compensation doesn’t cover from their regular salary until they can return to work.

In addition to corrections officers, the bill will cover Human Services police officers, state conservation officers, state park police officers, campus police officers, medical security officers, and civilian jail employees in relation injuries sustained from assaults or apprehensions.

“As it is, a public safety officer who gets attacked on the job essentially is punished for something he or she didn’t do,” Assemblywoman Liz Muoio (D-Mercer/Hunterdon) said in a statement. “By ensuring that these officers have financial stability after an attack, we can make it clear that New Jersey supports these vital professions and remove a deterrent to entering or staying in that line of work.”

The bill will take effect in October.

Paid sick leave for correction officers injured on the job had previously been the law of the State up until July of 2011, when they were eliminated by the State legislature. These “SLI” benefits allowed State Correction Officers to receive their full pay for a period of one year following an injury that occurred on duty. While the particulars of the new law remain unclear, based on the Trentonian’s reporting, the new version of the law appears to limit the type of incidents and injuries that qualify for sick leave pay to those stemming from an attack of an officer. Officers will also only be eligible for six months of sick leave payment, rather than the one year limit imposed by the prior conception of the law.

We previously discussed the specifics of SLI benefits as well as common reasons for denial under the predecessor law in a series of blog posts back in June and July of 2008.

Christie Banking that Lottery will Save Pensions

Posted in Public Employment Pension Crisis

Lotto Pensions

As reported by, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie is betting that the lottery is the ticket to shoring up one of the state’s most vexing money problems: ever-growing obligations to the pensions for public employees.

The idea of linking the lottery to pensions has been around for years, but legislation backed by the Republican governor was introduced this week to make the lottery the property of the pension system for 30 years.

Analysts and advocates say the deal – an arrangement that would be unique to New Jersey – probably won’t hurt, but there’s not a consensus on how much it might help.

 “Where it does provide tremendous relief is optically,” said Lisa Washburn, managing director at Municipal Market Analytics, a firm that analyzes government bonds. “The numbers look better on a whole lot of levels. Whether or not they’re truly better is questionable.”

Since Christie took office in 2010, the state has contributed more than $6 billion to retirement funds to which past governors have often skimped on payments – or skipped them entirely. Still, the gap between the money expected to be in the funds and that which is owed to retirees has only grown. By any measure, it’s among the biggest unfunded pension liabilities in the country.

Trying to solve the problem makes it harder for officials to expand other government services or make major tax cuts.

State Sen. Paul Sarlo, a Democrat sponsoring the legislation, called it an “intriguing” proposal that deserves to be debated. He said there’s a long-term benefit under the administration’s projections. “The next governor will have the huge benefit after five years of being able to reduce the pension payment,” he said.

Here’s how the measure that will now be debated by the state’s Democratic-controlled Legislature would work:


There’s a consensus that the lottery deal would give the state a guaranteed stream of money coming in to make a portion of its pension contributions.

That income – a projected average of more than $1 billion annually – is a bit more than one-fifth of the $5 billion the state would have to annually contribute to fully fund the pension funds.

Christie’s budget proposal for the fiscal year that starts July 1 calls for about $2.5 billion in pension contributions – which would be a record.

But the lottery revenue isn’t found money: It is currently used to help pay for institutions including the state’s universities, psychiatric hospitals and a home for disabled soldiers. The state would still need to pay for those programs; officials say the move would not increase costs for taxpayers.

The state hired a private company in 2013 to handle lottery sales and marketing, but the firm has missed its revenue targets.



The state treasurer’s office is promoting a second benefit of the lottery deal. This is the part Washburn and others are skeptical about.

Christie’s administration says the value of the lottery, assessed at $13.5 billion, could be used to offset the unfunded liabilities in the pension funds.

The administration says that would immediately shrink the gap – which it pegs at $49 billion, but some other calculations say could be as high as $136 billion.

Using the state’s evaluation of those unfunded liabilities of $49 billion, that would shrink the gap significantly and immediately. Under accounting rules, it would mean the state could recalculate how much it needs to pay into the fund to meet its obligations. That could mean the state would need to contribute less each year. A better pension position could result in a better bond rating for the state, allowing it to get more favorable borrowing rates.

Hetty Rosenstein, the New Jersey director of Communications Workers of America, the biggest union of state government workers, said she isn’t taking a position on the idea because she doubts it would reduce the liability anywhere but on paper. “At the end of the day, you can’t pay out pieces of the lottery,” she said.

Tom Byrne is a former chairman of the state Democratic State Committee who currently heads the Council on Investment, which oversees investment of pension funds. He says that the move could be helpful, despite the doubts of union leaders.

“Their brows might be a little furrowed,” he said. “They’re saying, ‘It’s not cash, so is this real?’ From an accounting standpoint, it is.”